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Background process which runs and controls a Monero node
'Daemon' is the general term for a piece of software running in the background. In Monero, the Daemon is started through the 'monerod' program. If you run the Daemon locally, you are running a local @node. If the Daemon is running on another device it's a @remote-node. A @wallet, like the CLI or the GUI, needs to connect to a Daemon (local or remote) to relay @transactions to the network.
It's possible to send commands to the Daemon directly or through the RPC interface. See the [Daemon RPC guide]({{ site.baseurl_root }}/resources/developer-guides/daemon-rpc.html), which contains a detailed explanation (with examples) of the available RPC calls. For more detailed and technical information about the Daemon, see the Monerodocs reference at the bottom of this page.
Other Resources
<sub>1. The [monerod reference on Monerodocs.org](https://monerodocs.org/interacting/monerod-reference/)</sub><br>
<sub>2. 'Daemon' entry [on Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daemon_(computing))</sub><br>
<sub>3. Monerod-tagged questions [on StackExchange](https://monero.stackexchange.com/?tags=monerod)</sub>